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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 83-88

Prevalence and symptoms of premenstrual dysphoric disorder in a sample of psychiatric patients at Zagazig University Hospitals


Psychiatry Department, Zagazig University Hospital, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Rehab S Mahdy
Lecturer of Psychiatry (MD), Zagazig, Sharkia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ejpsy.ejpsy_36_17

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Introduction Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a severe and disabling form of premenstrual syndrome affecting 3–8% of menstruating women. The relationship between PMDD and psychiatric disorders is still unclear. Aim The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and symptoms of PMDD in a sample of psychiatric patients. Patients and methods A sample of psychiatric outpatients and inpatients who attended for treatment was clinically diagnosed according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-5 by clinical interview and by applying the premenstrual symptoms screening tool for diagnosis of PMDD. Results The prevalence of PMDD among cases and controls was 40.5 and 7.6%, respectively. PMDD was most prevalent among depressed patients (96.4%) followed by those with bipolar diseases (38.5%) and was less frequent among anxiety and psychotic patients (4.5 and 1.8%, respectively). Conclusion PMDD is highly related to psychiatric disorders especially depression and bipolar disorder.


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