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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-32

Depressive and anxiety symptoms in relation to sexual dysfunction in female patients with psoriasis


1 Department of Andrology, Sexology and STDS, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
2 Department of Andrology, Sexology and STDS, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt
3 Department of Dermatology, Beni-Suef General Hospital, Beni-Suef, Egypt
4 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Fayoum University, Fayoum, Egypt
5 Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed R. Soltan
Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University, Beni-Suef
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/ejpsy.ejpsy_36_19

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Background Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory cutaneous disease with worldwide estimated prevalence ranging from 0.9 to 8.5%. Psoriasis has been associated with psychological problems, including low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, sexual dysfunction, or suicidal ideation. Objectives To assess depressive and anxiety manifestation in relation to sexual functions in female patients with psoriasis compared with healthy controls. Patients and methods One hundred female patients with psoriasis were recruited from the dermatology outpatient clinic of the medical faculty of Beni-Suef University, and 80 female participants were included as a control group. The study was conducted after obtaining the approval of the ethical committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Beni-Suef University. All participants were subjected to the following: Beck Depression Inventory, Beck Anxiety Inventory, and Female Sexual Function Index. Results Patients with psoriasis showed a highly significant depressive and anxiety symptoms and scores on Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory, respectively, compared with control group (65 vs. 26.1% and 74 vs. 66.1%, respectively). Psoriasis cases exhibited a statistically significant decrease in all domains of Female Sexual Function Index compared with control group, except satisfaction. Cases with sexual dysfunction showed significantly higher anxiety symptoms and scores (but not depression) than cases with normal sexual dysfunction. Conclusion Patients with psoriasis showed more depressive and anxiety symptoms. Moreover, they showed more sexual dysfunction, particularly on the desire, arousal, lubrication, and orgasm components of sexual function in female patients. Sexual dysfunction is associated with anxiety but not with depression in female patients with psoriasis.


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