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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 39-44

Comparison of family burden, quality of life, and disability in obsessive compulsive disorder and schizophrenia in Zagazig University Hospitals

Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mohamed G Negm
Psychiatry Department, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1105.127276

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Background Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder and it is one of the 10 most disabling medical conditions worldwide. Patients with severe OCD may have comparable level of global functioning, family burden, quality of life (QoL), and disability as patients with schizophrenia. Patients and methods We selected 100 patients (50 with OCD, 50 with schizophrenia) from Zagazig University Hospitals, psychiatric outpatients' clinics. Some of these patients were admitted and became inpatients whereas the rest continued to attend follow-up as outpatients to assess family burden, QoL, and disability. Results Deleterious effects of illness on families, patients' QoL, and functioning occur not only in schizophrenic but also in OCD patients. Symptom severity and noncompliance on maintenance treatment are associated with greater disability and poor QoL. Conclusion Management should be planned with these considerations to enhance functioning and QoL and thus decrease disabilities.

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