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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2014  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 133-137

Neuropsychological cognitive dysfunctions in psychotic bipolar disorders


Department of Psychiatry, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Nagy Fawzy
Department of Psychiatry, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Sharkya
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-1105.144331

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Objectives The aim of this study was to determine neuropsychological cognitive dysfunctions in psychotic bipolar disorders and compare the results with a control group. Participants and methods The sample included two groups: group I included 20 psychotic bipolar patients recruited from psychiatric outpatient clinics of Zagazig University Hospitals. Group II included 20 participants selected randomly from Zagazig University Hospitals visitors. Patients were subjected to a semistructured psychiatric interview using the DSM-IV criteria for psychotic bipolar diagnosis, detection of mania by Young mania rating scale for the study group, and detection of neuropsychological cognitive function, where executive functions were assessed using the Wisconsin card sorting tests and memory was assessed using the Wechsler memory scale. Results The results of the current study indicated a highly significant difference between psychotic bipolar patients and the control group in executive functions, logic memory, digit span forward, digit span backward, associative learning, and total memory, and a reversible highly significant correlation between the number of hospitalizations and cognitive functions in psychotic bipolar patients for block design. Conclusion The current study concluded that neuropsychological cognitive dysfunctions are highly prevalent in psychotic bipolar disorders and it is strongly inter-related with sociodemographic and clinical characteristics.


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