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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 35  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 151-160

Demographic and personality assessment in relation to suicidal ideation in depressive disorders

Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Nelly R Abdel Fattah
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1110-1105.144341

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Background Suicidal ideation is common in depressive disorders, but only moderately related to depression severity. To prevent suicidal behavior, it is important to better understand the personality traits associated with suicidal ideation because prediction and assessment of suicidal ideation in depressed patients is an essential factor for proper management. Objective We aimed to assess some demographic profile and personality traits in relation to suicidal ideation in depressive disorders. Patients and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Inpatient Ward and the Outpatient Clinic of the Psychiatry Department, Zagazig University Hospitals, Sharkia, Egypt, during the period from January 2013 to June 2014. Seventy patients (46 female and 24 male), age from 18 to 60 years, with depressive disorders diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed. (DSM-IV) were subjected to a screening using the Modified Scale for Suicidal Ideation and the Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire (Arabic version). Results 65.7% of the patients included in the study had suicidal ideation during the course of their illness. Female patients, patients who were divorced, widowed, or married, and those with more than 6 years of education had high rates of suicidal ideation. Also, there was a statistically significant relation between suicidal ideation and Psychoticism and Neuroticism personality domains. Conclusion Suicide ideations are common among patients with depressive disorders and are associated with neurotic and psychotic personality traits.

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