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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 15-22

Suicide risk and personality traits among Egyptian patients with substance use disorders

Psychiatry and Addiction Medicine Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Alia A Saleh
Lecturer of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, 11431
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejpsy.ejpsy_23_17

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Background The magnitude of the problem of substance use in Egypt has been growing lately. Substance use disorders (SUDs) have been associated with depression and suicide, as well as impulsivity and specific personality traits. Aim and Objectives This study aimed at evaluating suicide risk and its correlates in a sample of 40 substance users and 40 control subjects. Methods The severity of the addiction problem among substance users was assessed using Addiction Severity Index (ASI). Beck Suicide Inventory (BSI), DSM-5 Brief Personality Inventory (PID-5 BF) and Barrat’s Impulsivity Scale-11 were applied to both groups. Results The study showed that patients with SUDs had a higher suicide risk when compared with controls (P<0.05). They also showed higher impulsivity scores (P<0.05) and personality trait disorders (P<0.001) when compared with controls, particularly in antagonism (P<0.001), disinhibition (P<0.001), negative affect (P<0.05) and psychoticism (P<0.05). Conclusions Pathological personality traits may be associated with increased risk of suicide in patients with SUDs.

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