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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 41  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-102

Prevalence of obsessive compulsive spectrum disorder in patients seeking dermatological consultation

1 Department of Dermatology, Belkas Hospital, Ministry of Health, Mansoura, Egypt
2 Department of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
3 Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MBBCh, MSc, MD Nisrin Elsaadouni
Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, 113758
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejpsy.ejpsy_49_19

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Background Previous studies have reported the relation between some dermatological presentations and obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD). The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of OCD in patients with dermatological disorders attending Mansoura University Hospital, as well as describe the different dermatological presentation of the OCD and possible association between dermatological lesions and the severity OCD. Patients and methods The study was conducted on 500 patients at the Dermatology Outpatient Clinic of Mansoura University. The patients were assessed by Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorder V OCD criteria and the Yale Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale, Arabic version for assessment the severity. Results Among 500 patients, 55 (10.6%) were diagnosed as having OCD spectrum, comprising two (3.8%) with skin excoriations, 14 (26.4%) with trichotillomania, two (3.8%) with body dysmorphic disorder, 0 (0.0) with hoarding disorder, and 37 (69.9) with OCD. Conclusion There was an increased prevalence of OCD spectrum disorders among patients with dermatological disorders. Detection and diagnosis of comorbid psychiatric problems with skin disease is critical to the optimal management of psychodermatological disorders.

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