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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-86

Relationships between suicide intention, cognitive styles, and decision making in attempted suicide

1 Department of Psychiatry, JSS Academy of Higher Education and Research, Mysuru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Medicine (Psychiatry), College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dushad Ram
College of Medicine, Shaqra University, Shaqra, Zip Code: 15526
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejpsy.ejpsy_32_21

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Background This study suggests a link of suicidal intention with cognitive styles and decision making. There is a paucity of studies examining these relationships from a multidimensional perspective. Aims This study aimed to examine the relationships of suicide intention, cognitive styles, and decision making in serious suicide attempts. Participants and methods One hundred individuals with serious suicide attempts were assessed in this hospital-based cross-sectional study using sociodemographic and clinical questionnaires, the Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview-Plus (MINI-Plus), the Pierce Suicidal Intention Scale (PSI), the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, and the Cognitive Style Inventory. Results The common dimensions of cognitive styles were systematic, undifferentiated, and split. The PSI score was statistically significantly predicted by the vigilance (positive) and buck-passing scores in a linear regression analysis (negative). There were no significant relationships between the PSI score and cognitive styles. There was a statistically significant group difference in the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire vigilance score by systematic, undifferentiated, and split cognitive style dimensions in the Mann–Whitney U-test. Conclusion Systematic, undifferentiated, and split cognitive styles are prevalent in serious suicide attempts. Rational decision making may be proportionate to the severity of suicide intent, but is constrained by the scarcity and static nature of cognitive style in attempted suicide.

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